Financial Planning and Analysis
Financial Planning and Analysis
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Frage 1 
Which of the following is/are (an) advantage/s of sensitivity analysis?
A  It helps to identify effects that changes in underlying assumptions have on NPV. 
B  It helps to calculate the impact of a decline in the selling price by e.g. 5 % on project profitability. 
C  It helps to identify factors that influence project profitability. 
D  It takes into account that some possible variations are more likely than others. 
E  It takes into account changes in only one assumption at a time while other assumptions remain unchanged. 
Frage 2 
If an investment of $ 100 at a compound interest rate of 6 % is made, what is the value of the account after 7 years? (rounded to one decimal)
A  $ 140.6 
B  $ 160.0 
C  $ 150.4 
D  $ 142.0 
E  $ 153.2 
Frage 3 
What is/are the main difference/s between scenario analysis and sensitivity analysis?
A  Scenario analysis is used in condition of uncertainty whereas sensitivity analysis is only used for definite changes in underlying assumptions. 
B  Scenario analysis usually considers more current information than sensitivity analysis. 
C  Sensitivity analysis usually considers more current information than scenario analysis. 
D  Sensitivity analysis considers changes in several factors whereas scenario analysis only deliberates changes in one factor at a time. 
E  Sensitivity analysis considers changes in only one factor whereas scenario analysis deliberates changes in several factors at a time. 
Frage 4 
What conclusions can be drawn out of the knowledge that a company has high operating leverage?
A  The company has relatively low operating costs. 
B  Once the company has passed its breakeven point further sales will largely turn into profit. 
C  The company has relatively high fixed costs in comparison to its total costs. 
D  The company is more sensitive to changes in the sales volume. 
E  The company will reach its breakeven point earlier than a company with low operating leverage. 
Frage 5 
What can present values be used for?
A  Present value can be used to find out how much money has to be put aside today in order to have a specified amount in the future. 
B  Present value can be used to find out what a future cash flow would be worth today. 
C  Present value can be used to compare investment possibilities. 
D  Present value can be used to find out how much money has been put aside to receive a payment of $ 20 000 after 12 years when the interest rate was 6 %. 
E  Present value can be used to find the best repayment possibility for a loan. 
Frage 6 
Which of the following statements about financial ratios are true?
A  Return on assets is the quotient of net profit and total assets. 
B  Gross operating margin is the quotient of sales revenues and net profit. 
C  Return on equity is the proportion of net profit in comparison to shareholders’ equity. 
D  Net operating margin is the quotient of sales revenues and operating income. 
E  Return on financial assets is the quotient of interest yield and financial assets. 
Frage 7 
Capital absorbing expenditures to be capitalized (or that may be capitalized) are...
A  Expenditures for investments and longterm investments 
B  Expenditures for current assets 
C  Research and development expenses 
D  Expenditures for current production and distribution costs 
E  Expenditures for real estate 
Frage 8 
Which of the following statements about business valuation apply for the net present value method?
A  Decisive factor is the profit estimate for the achievable ongoing result that is to be expected at normal company performance. 
B  Decisive factor is the customary interest rate. 
C  The company value consists of the sum of the expected discounted period surpluses. 
D  The amount of profit is used as a success factor. 
E  The company’s present value of future profits is calculated by the difference of future profits and current returns.

Frage 9 
Which of the following statement/s concerning the investment principle is/are true?
A  The investment principle is one of the three first principles of corporate finance. 
B  The investment principle answers the question of how much money should be reinvested into the business. 
C  The investment principle indicates that every business has to choose an appropriate financing mix including parts of borrowed money and owner’s funds. 
D  The investment principle indicates that a project’s return should be greater than the hurdle rate to be reasonable. 
E  The investment principle should help a business decide where to invest their resources in order to maximize the value of the business. 
Frage 10 
Concerning the shareholder value approach: assess which of the following magnitudes has/have decisive influence on the market value of equity:
A  Book value per share 
B  Priceearnings ratio 
C  Duration of capital tieup 
D  Price/book ratio (P/B) 
E  Return on equity 
Frage 11 
Which of the following statements about capital, financial and cash requirements is/are true?
A  Cash requirements of a point in time are determined by the expenditures incurred at that time. They have to be covered in order to guarantee solvency. 
B  Financial requirements are drawn from the changes in capital requirements over the passage of time. 
C  Capital requirements are the difference of capital absorbing expenditures and capital releasing revenues. 
D  Financial requirements are to be covered by capital injecting revenues. 
Frage 12 
Which of the following statements concerning the idea and character of investments are correct?
A  Subject matter is the procurement of potential factors of production such as, in particular, operating funds, planning of the plant size and the development of a distribution system. 
B  Investments are also understood as expenditures that result in capital lookups. 
C  Offbalancesheet investments are fixed investments. 
D  Investments alter the production and selling capacity of an enterprise in an either quantitative or qualitative manner. 
E  Fixed investments show components in real terms and can only be captured with financial categories. 
Frage 13 
Which statements about internal financing are true?
A  Autofinancing is realized through the creation of visible reserves. 
B  In corporate financing, internal financing generally takes on a significantly bigger portion than debt financing. 
C  Internal financing is realized through a delayed distribution of profits. 
D  Internal financing is the opposite of cash flow financing. 
E  Internal financing is realized through the creation of hidden reserves. 
Frage 14 
Which of the following are components oft the financial equilibrium?
A  Without longterm solvency shortterm solvency is not met either. 
B  Without profitability there is no chance for solvency in the long run, either. 
C  Profitability requires that a reasonable distribution of profit is possible without harming the necessity for retained earnings. 
D  Shortterm solvency is a company’s ability to meet compelling payment obligations without restriction at the specified time they become due. 
E  Longterm solvency is geared to the structural coherences between capital stock and employment of capital. It is particularly relevant for credit ratings. 
Frage 15 
There are important imponderable factors when is comes to making investment decisions. Which of the following statements do apply?
A  Further training measures have nonmonetary effects on investments. 
B  Strategic intuitive investments have nonmonetary effects on investments. 
C  An increase in the crash safety has nonmonetary effects on investments. 
D  Nonmonetary investment goals are prestige, power and independency. 
E  A simplification of the appliance has nonmonetary effects on investments. 
Frage 16 
Which oft he following statements about capital budgeting are correct?
A  The cost effectiveness study asks for the profitability of investments with acquisition costs being calculated. 
B  A simultaneous model is a optimal model that consists out of a system of linear equations. 
C  In praxis the multiple stage approaches are predominant; simple structure in the algorithm and a low information demand. 
D  Static models consider the time flow of investment process and the subsequent disinvestment process. 
E  Business valuation asks for the value in order to subsequently deviate the price. 
Frage 17 
To the dynamic calculations of the cost effectiveness study count:
A  Current interest model 
B  Annuity method 
C  Profitability calculation 
D  Payoff time method (payback period rule) 
E  Net present value method 
Frage 18 
Which statement/s concerning the comparative cost methods is/are correct?
A  The alternative with the lowest cost will be chosen. 
B  The average depreciation per period is calculated as the difference of the acquisition cost and the salvage value divided by the number of periods in use. 
C  The costs include operating expenses (material and labour expenses) and costs of capital (depreciation and interest expenses). 
D  The average interest per period is calculated by multiplying the interest rate with the acquisition costs. 
E  At continuous depreciation and a salvage value of zero, the average interest per period would be: interest rate x acquisition costs divided by 2. 
Frage 19 
Which statement/s about breakeven analysis in the course of the profit comparison method is/are correct?
A  The contribution margin ratio indicates the increase in profit per unit of additional turnover. 
B  The safety coefficient indicates how many percent costs may decline per period until a loss occurs. 
C  Contribution margin ratio = contribution margin / sales 
D  Safety coefficient S = costs per period/ contribution margin per period 
E  Breakeven point = fixed cost / variable cost 
Frage 20 
Which statements concerning the cost effectiveness study do apply?
A  An investment is profitable every time its net present value is zero. 
B  The adequate target rate is an expression of the cap rate of the investment. 
C  The amount of the adequate target rate in the net present value method is designated by the return of alternative investments of the funds. 
D  The higher the adequate target rate the higher the net present value. 
E  A disadvantage of the net present value method is that the current market value is considered. 
Frage 21 
Which statements about the annuity method are applicable?
A  Annuity A = net present value Co / present value of annuity factor. 
B  The net present value is converted into yearly increasing payments. 
C  The single investment is negative if its annuity is negative. 
D  It is a variation of the static method. 
E  Its calculation is done with the help of capital recovery factors which result as the reciprocal of the present value of annuity factor. 
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